The possibilities of using modern information technologies in teaching graphic disciplines in the conditions of the spread of coronavirus infection (COVID-19) are considered.
Keywords: engineering, graphic disciplines, COVID-19, information technology
A description of the new assessment tools in the form of case tasks is given, which most fully reflect the level of mastering the professional competencies laid down in the study of the discipline. Case-meters include special problematic tasks, for the solution of which it is necessary to analyze the situation that requires updating the complex of professional knowledge. The results of this type of testing give a fairly complete picture of the professional and personal qualities of a specialist. The description of the developed special software for automatic checking of case tasks for assessing the professional skills of students in the discipline of the database is given.
Keywords: situational case, assessment tools, tests, assessment, case tasks, software application, design
The article presents the features of the methodology for teaching general technical disciplines at an agricultural university, taking into account the reduction in the audience load when switching to the next standard of applied bachelor's degree of GEF BO 3. The work implements the approach of preserving classical methods and the volume of educational material both in standard (classroom form) training conditions and at the distance, by applying innovative educational technologies, in conditions of reducing the audience load.
Keywords: applied bachelor's degree, GEF VO 3 + +, competencies, educational technologies, general technical disciplines, independent work, remote technologies
In this article, the actual topic of project activities in the framework of the modernization of higher education in Cambodia. In this article, we analyzed the situation due to which among recent university graduates there is a shortage of highly qualified personnel in such areas as agriculture, exact sciences, mechanical engineering and manufacturing. We also studied information about the largest university in the country - Queen Phnom Penh University.
Keywords: higher education, modernization, innovation, Cambodia, Russia
The possibilities of using the graphic editor AutoCAD in the formation of the readiness of graduates of a technical university for graphic activity are considered. Examples of solving educational problems in the main sections of the discipline "Engineering and Computer Graphics" are given: projection, mechanical engineering and construction drawing.
Keywords: diversification of management, production diversification, financial and economic purposes of a diversification, technological purposes of ensuring flexibility of production
The article deals with the problems and features of Informatization of higher education. The problems of information technologies in the educational process are presented. The main advantage of it is that they contribute to the creation of an effective multi-sensory interactive learning environment with great potential for use by teachers and students. The factors influencing the process of Informatization of educational institutions are analyzed. In order to achieve positive results of the use of information technologies in training, it is proposed to introduce new subject programs in the educational process, which will allow to determine the methods of teaching and the conditions of the educational process. The use of subject programs will provide the user with the opportunity to build their learning algorithm.
Keywords: information technologies, education, communication technologies, problems of training, features of training, programs, factors influencing process of Informatization of educational institution, conditions, advantages of information technologies
General educational programs of bachelor's and master's degrees require significant changes in connection with the introduction of new Federal state standards for higher education. The development of the basic educational programs of higher education in the framework of the competence approach requires the development of various innovative methods and technologies for assessing the competencies and organization of students ' activities in a certain way. To check the level of formation of General and professional competencies required competence-oriented tasks. Such a task should contain a clearly formulated goal, an incentive to perform, the source is necessary to perform the task information, a form for structured records and a tool to verify the reliability of the result. Within the framework of the competence approach it is required that the formation of students ' skills takes place in conditions as close as possible to the real professional activity, one of the varieties of which is the project activity. The project method of formation and development of competencies is considered to be one of the most effective due to its diversity. Laboratory practice in physics is such a type of activity of students that meets the above requirements, since each laboratory work is a competence-oriented task, and the implementation of the educational mini-project to determine some physical quantities and constants, identify physical patterns and check the basic laws of physics. The authors provide systematic information about the workshop of the Department of Physics of DSTU as a high-tech science-intensive complex, equipped with modern multifunctional equipment of PHYWE, on the basis of which students master information and communication technologies. Measurements are usually performed using software that enables multi-level execution of the work. The first level is aimed at students just starting to master such equipment; tasks of the second level are intended for students who already have some skills of working with installations and use of the software, that is mastered software of the solution of problems by means of various options. Students are invited to perform tasks at both levels, which actually correspond to different levels of development of educational programs. The article is published in the framework of the forum "Pobednyj maj 1945".
Keywords: DSTU, innovations, competence approach, training project, laboratory practice, information and communication technol
The article reveals the role of the information space in modern education. The conclusion is made that it is important to correctly assess the possibilities of a new type of information-digital space, fight not only its shortcomings, but also create the necessary conditions within the framework of pedagogical education for actualizing and shaping the future teachers of positive, socially significant features that are in demand in the 21st century .
Keywords: information, information-digital space, information technology, student, digital literacy, technological tools, computer programs, digital technology, multimedia product
The need for efficient production organization in modern economic conditions forces machine-building enterprises to introduce and maintain the functioning of various production systems based on lean manufacturing principles. One of the prerequisites for the qualitative training of graduates for such enterprises is the formation of their competence in the field of lean production. The system approach to the formation of these competences is considered. The basis is based on modern educational technologies that ensure the activation of educational and cognitive activities of students and the effectiveness of the educational process in general.
Keywords: lean manufacturing, interactive training technology, a systematic approach to learning, form and method of teaching, competence, machine-building production, technological process, practice-oriented training, production system, training effectiveness
A brief overview of the AutoCAD software product is presented, which is a universally recognized world leader in the field of graphical work automation and is gaining increasing popularity in our country. Using the presentation capabilities of AutoCAD, the authors created an electronic training program on engineering graphics, while solving a two-fold problem: on the one hand - to consolidate and popularize the classical educational material at the rate of engineering graphics; on the other - to instill in future engineers the skills of owning a modern "electronic kulman".
Keywords: AutoCAD, Autodesk, presentation, slide, script, engineering education, engineering and computer graphics
The introduction of new standards of higher education, especially the mentality of today's youth lead to the fact that the established methods of teaching classes in high school, by the way, is still widely practiced, do not allow the full interest of students and to provide high efficiency of development of the subject. In connection with the above, great interest is holding lectures with interactive forms obucheniya.Odnoy of the most effective and low-cost training in interactive forms a lecture scheduled errors (lecture-provocation). Teach people to think, quickly analyze professional situations, to act as experts, to work in a team - all this is possible if we use different kinds of interactive activities, including this kind as to the planned lecture errors.
Keywords: systematic approach, improving the efficiency of the educational process, lecture scheduled errors, interactive activity, activation of learning and cognitive activity, technical discipline
The paper presents the modern techniques and methods of system approach to the organization of the learning process mechanics. We consider some examples of the use of educational technologies and forms of management of educational process, allowing largely to optimize the educational and cognitive activity of students. Called active methods of training, aimed at studying self-mastery knowledge and skills in the process of active mental and practical activities.Interactive learning is a special form of organization of educational activity, which is a joint activity of students in mastering of educational material, the exchange of information and knowledge.
Keywords: effectiveness of learning, active and interactive forms of learning, the education system, improving the efficiency of the educational process
This paper presents the implementation technology of a bachelor interdisciplinary training as a part of the research work. Implementation experience of this technology is disclosed as an example of solving rational cutting material problem for the manufacture of large-sized products, consisting of parts, limited nominally cylindrical surfaces. A distinctive feature of this technology implementation is a special cast group: full-time and part-time students having experience in the specialized enterprises. Implementation of interdisciplinary training in the scientific research focused on solving production problems on the basis of technology, it helps to activate the student cognitive activity, the goal-setting formation to the study of some disciplines, better understanding of the studied techniques and technologies, the formation of conscious need to improve their professional competence constantly.
Keywords: interdisciplinary training, competence, student scientific and research work, production problem, educational technology, material cutting
in the article the analysis of professional and personal development of future specialists in social work, the concept of professional growth in the process of preparation and the holistic development of a Mature personality of a professional. The study of professional and personal competencies of a specialist in social work, formed during his student period. Presents the results of the main characteristics of professional and personal development of students of internal and correspondence forms of education communicative, reflective, organizational, social, and motivational and personal components.
Keywords: training, competence approach, the motive of choice of profession, professional installation, self-efficacy, self-development
Abstract: This article explores the options and features profiles "citizenship and patriotism," designed for the study of general cultural competence of students by self-assessment. As a measurement model used polytomous Rasch model. Incoming data obtained via the questionnaire "citizenship and patriotism," The characteristics of survey participants and indicators profiles, proved their suitability to assess the level of formation of personal qualities that affect the general cultural competence. Recommendations to finalize the questionnaire.
Keywords: the level of training students, latent variables polytomous model indicator, diagnostics, competence
This article analyzes the different drivers work with database management systems, namely: MySQL, PgSQL, SqLite; - When a large amount of data in a single table. For a comparative analysis table used in the amount of 100,000 records. Identified positive and negative aspects of database drivers compared with each other, and on the basis of the data obtained on their productivity.
Keywords: database, primary key, foreign key, relational database model, database management system, php, laravel, mysql, pgsql, sqlite
In the article a conditions and requirements of modern engineering business are underlined and in this connection main objectives and problems are considered at preparation of necessary specialists. In this work the course maintenance «Physics and natural sciences» for the bachelors prepared in a direction «Innovatika» reveals. The importance of fundamental positions and physics principles is especially underlined by consideration of various is natural-scientific displays. As examples of realization of special methods of teaching of the given course presentations of lecture and seminar employment are presented. The presented discipline allows to study the phenomenon and objects diversified by the nature and complexity and to do the conclusions about their dynamics and evolution.
Keywords: Innovatika, Natural Science, Boundary Control, Physical Practical Work of Students
Motivation of young workers is an important research and applied problem. The need for effective motivation of this category of labour resources is dictated by the inevitability of personnel update and market relations. This article reveals the results of a study of motivators and demotivators labour youth activities in railway transport carried out by the author's method. In this article shows the specific of motivational sphere of young men.
Keywords: Motivation, motivator, demotivator, young worker, railway transport, reform.
Educational institutions of Russia, including the universities, the task of improving the efficiency of educational work. In this regard, an interesting experience, Rostov state construction University (RSSU) as the University in General and the Department of construction management (OS), in particular. RSSU from 2014 introduced the obligation of all teachers to report specific educational work along with the statement of methodical and scientific works. Depending on the type of educational event is assigned a certain number of hours. The Department OS is a comprehensive educational work, which includes not only leisure activities, but also to involve students in scientific and methodical work. A systematic approach to the education of students involves performing teachers lectures on the history of the country in General, the history of construction and architecture; the participation of students in the preparation of guidelines, research, culminating in the writing of scientific articles and / or registration of a patent for an invention (utility model) or computer programs. Analysis of the annual experience of educational work under the new scheme, led to the conclusion that the best curators, as a rule, are teachers whose scope of training load significantly above average – 1,3-1,5 bets, or pensioners. The analysis of the educational work of the Department OS also launched another criterion for evaluating the work of the curator, if he works at the Department. This is the number of students who are registered to perform the final work to the Department, a representative of which is the curator. A systematic approach to educational work allows even at the beginning of training to select students wishing to do research, to identify young talents and to improve academic achievement in the educational process.
Keywords: educational work, supervisor, system approach, study group, scientific and methodical work
The article considers the basic theoretical approaches to the problem of professional identity, accepted in Russian psychology. Not only classical works, but also the new theoretical studies of this problem are analysed by the author. The problem of professional identity is important not only for senior pupils but university students as well. Based on theoretical analysis, the author presents empirical research and its goal is the study of the features of professional identity of students with different strategies of self - assertion . The empirical research is being carried out using the «Self - assertion strategies» questionnaire by N. Kharlamenkova and the «Crossroad» approach by N. Pryazhnikov. As a result of empirical research it was revealed that boys and girls with different self - assertion strategies have differences when choosing areas of professional activity.
Keywords: professional identity, professional choice, first year students, self - assertion strategies
is considered the study of the issues of higher education come from families with middle and higher education as part of the impact level educate parents on the quality of education students. Topicality of this article is caused not only an analysis of the availability of research in higher education, but also the possibility of receiving it. The concepts of "cultural capital" discussed in the article allows modern Russian youth to understand and realize the importance of quality education, in view of the indicators and aspects that are inherent in a given social environment. Regardless of the level of education of the family in modern society, to establish certain criteria when choosing a higher educational institution allowing to find themselves in the current economic realiyah.
Keywords: ducation, parental education, cultural capital, income, socially privileged layers
In article the analysis of an existential fullness in line with psychology of professional health is carried out. The condition of modern psychology of professional health is described. Idea of an existential fullness within positive psychology and philosophy is described. Major factors of professional health are allocated. Such factor as an involvement into professional activity is in detail described. It is shown, what impact on professonalny health the factor of emotional burning out has. Research of an existential fullness as criterion of professional health is provided and described. The conclusion that represents an image of the average middle manager in the conditions of the Russian reality is drawn. Authors offer also concrete ways of solution of the problem of emotional burning out, an insufficient involvement and a lack of an existential fullness as factors of working process for the psychologists working with staff of the organizations.
Keywords: health psychology, psychology of professional health, positive psychology, existential fullness, existential perspective, involvement into work, emotional burning out, psychology of the organizations, correction of emotional burning out, work psychology
the article presents and analyzes the results of an empirical study of professional perceptions and views on success of students of technical specialties. Describes the features of the concepts of object of activity and work, depending on the dominant model of success for students. With the help of correlation analysis established the relationship of the image of the profession and models of professional success.
Keywords: professional presentation, success, successful professional activity, object activity, the students
"The article explains the possibility of using polytomous models to assess personality qualities that affect the information competence of students. The input data were obtained with the help of the questionnaire ""Information competence."" The characteristics of survey participants as well as indicators of questionnaires were calculated to assess their suitability for definition of the level of formation of information competence. The recommendations for finalizing of the questionnaire were made.
Keywords: level of student latent variables, polytomous model indicator, a diagnostic test.
In this article the author examines the very interesting topic - the problem of the integration of traditional and innovative practices in the Russian educational process. The author stresses the need to preserve national educational tradition in the modernization of the Russian education system and the transition to the innovative methods of the organization of the educational process. Identifies the main principles of traditional Russian education and the importance of their conservation is updated in the process of educational reform. The author concludes that the need for modernization of Russian education through the integration of traditional and innovative practices through the preservation of the principles of fundamental knowledge, educational and humanistic orientation of Russian education.
Keywords: education, modernization, innovation, tradition, educational process, globalization, culture.