In modern construction, the issue of compliance with environmental standards is very acute. Nowadays, buildings not only protect people from the external environment, but also protect people's health and exist in harmony with the environment. Therefore, the integration of "Green Standards" will bring construction to a new level.
Keywords: ecological construction, WELL, "Green standards"
The article discusses the ways of developing strategies of urban spaces in countries such as Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland. An extensive analysis of the strategies used by the governments of these countries to improve the environmental situation has been carried out, which can be taken as an example for implementation in the Russian Federation
Keywords: resources, energy, energy conservation, energy efficiency (EE), ecology, construction, law, MSW, development, change
The conditions and the process of certification of buildings according to WELL and Fitwell standards are analyzed. A comparison of standards was made. The process is described, as well as the necessary conditions for successful certification.
Keywords: construction, European standards of green construction, green technologies, energy saving, energy efficiency, WELL, FitWel
In the course of the work, the most popular environmental construction standards for today were studied: BREEAM, LEED, WELL and FitWel. The categories evaluated by these standards are considered.
Keywords: construction, energy-efficient technologies, green technologies, energy saving, energy efficiency, green construction standards, BREAM, LEED, WELL, FitWel
This article explores the application of Fitwel's green certification standard to office buildings where employees spend most of their lives. The importance of the conditions of the office building in which its employees are located in terms of the impact on health and productivity was emphasized. The essence and advantages of using the Fitwel standard are demonstrated.
Keywords: office building, certification, green standard, Fitwel, health, productivity
The review and analysis of the European practices of construction of educational institutions is carried out. The main features of architecture and energy-efficient solutions in the projects of educational institutions in Europe are considered.
Keywords: construction, school facility, world construction experience, architecture, landscaping, zoning, landscaping, landscape, energy efficiency, energy-efficient technologies
The analysis of school buildings constructed in the city of Rostov-on-Don is carried out. The features of their construction are considered. An assessment of the need for repair work and the construction of new schools has been carried out.
Keywords: construction, school facility, reconstruction, architecture, number of floors, student capacity, wall material, heritage sites, Rostov-on-Don
The article is devoted to the problem of certification of construction projects according to new environmental standards in Russia and abroad. The main characteristics of foreign certificates BREEM, LEED, HQE and domestic "Green Standard", SDS "RUSO", EcoGreenOffice are presented; certification implementation processes; the main factors of green building. The problems of certification of real estate objects in Russia, as well as ways of solving these problems, are analyzed.
Keywords: certification, environmental standard, energy efficiency, green building, environment
The analysis of the use of renewable energy sources in Russia is carried out. The main features of the use of energy-efficient technologies in construction are considered. On the example of the construction of a 9-storey residential building, a comprehensive analysis of the construction area is performed. Solutions with the use of energy-efficient and green technologies are proposed.
Keywords: construction, energy-efficient technologies, green technologies, renewable energy sources, energy saving, energy efficiency
The article discusses the popular standards of "green construction". The article analyzes the implementation of WELL standards in the construction of a preschool educational institution, the main aspects and features.
Keywords: WELL, green construction, preschool educational institution, construction, health, standard
The relevance of experimental and theoretical studies of improving the operational efficiency of construction arbitrariness is justified. It is established that the operational efficiency of a construction site depends on many factors. In order to identify the main features of improving the operational efficiency of construction production in this study, we used a computer method of relative distribution of premises and computerized planning of relationships and layout. Some features of the system operation at increasing the operational efficiency of construction production are determined. Based on the conducted experiments, the need for further study of improving the operational efficiency of construction production is justified. Also, on the basis of a number of experiments, the influence of the operational efficiency of construction production on the economic aspect of construction was proved.
Keywords: operational efficiency, construction organization, planning, construction site, project cost, operating costs
The article assesses the implementation of the educational module and its potential in promoting the European principles of social development and culture at the institutional and national levels in Russia. The characteristics of the project aimed at the inclusion of a master's degree discipline in the university curricula that reveals advanced European practices in the field of energy and resource conservation are given. Analytical data and characteristics of architectural, structural and engineering solutions of modern technologies of energy-efficient, environmentally friendly types of buildings implemented in European countries are presented. Conclusions are made about the implementation of the Jean Monnet Module project at the Don State Technical University.
Keywords: education, energy saving, construction, European experience
Modern design cannot be imagined without the application of BIM technologies. Modeling is increasingly used in the design of new construction of buildings and construction, renovations and major repairs, which makes up the majority of projects underway. 2D programs are still used for the inspection of buildings and construction. Visual and instrumental examination is not a difficult task requiring complex programs. But the introduction of BIM technologies ensures the acceleration of work on the inspection of buildings and structures, significantly improves the quality of the result, and also maximizes the actual condition of building structures.
Keywords: modeling, visual and instrumental inspection, building, construction, building structure, building life cycle, defects, damage, actual state, technical characteristics, operation
The analysis of the functional purpose of high-rise buildings in Russia and abroad is presented. The dynamics of the growth of construction of ultra-tall buildings for the period 2000-2020 is considered. The trend towards the use of composite materials in the construction of ultra-high buildings is revealed. The dynamics of growth of construction of high-rise buildings in Russia is considered. Revealed changes in the functional purpose of high-rise buildings in Russia on the example of the tallest buildings in the Russian Federation. Changes in the use of construction technologies and materials in the construction of high-rise buildings and their impact on the quality of buildings under construction are presented.
Keywords: high-rise buildings, construction, building materials
The article shows the dynamics of the birth rate in the period from 1995-2020.. The social significance of the construction of a preschool educational institution is considered. Its role in the formation of the child as a person and part of society is analyzed.
Keywords: children's preschool educational institution, construction, children, development, modern, formation, formation, equipment