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• ## Mathematical modeling of stress-strain state of the Kuznetsovsky tunnel under reconstruction

The large-scale development of Russia's lands led to the creation of a railroad network. Along with the laying of the railroad, the entire transportation infrastructure, such as bridges, tunnels and overpasses, was erected. Many structures are already more than 100 years old. The structures are deteriorating and approaching the end of their life cycle. It is therefore necessary to reconstruct or dismantle these structures. Due to the increased freight traffic between China, Russia and Western Europe, it is necessary to reconstruct all tunnels on the BAM. This paper presents one of the tunnel reconstruction options and investigates by mathematical modeling the stress-strain state of the system "array-construction" by which the tunnel can be reconstructed.

Keywords: mathematical modeling, stress-strain state, railway tunnel, reconstruction, finite element method, drilling and blasting, mechanized tunneling, mining machine, displacements, Baikal-Amur Mainline

• ## Mathematical modelling of the stress-strain state of the southern part of the Siberian craton

The aim of this study is mathematical modelling of the southern part of the Siberian craton using the finite element method. The task of the study is to carry out mathematical modelling of the stress-strain state of the visco-elastic-plastic medium of the Yakutsk-Vilyui large eruptive province on the basis of the boundary value problem. Hypothesis of the study: the possibility of using the results of numerical study to determine the zones of mineral dislocations. In the southern part of the craton, on the territory of the Republic of Sakha-Yakutia, there are the richest oil and gas fields, the largest of which is the Ust-Vilyuyskoye field located in the southern part of the craton. Research method: numerical experiment carried out by the method of mathematical modelling. Results achieved: finite element studies were carried out, the possibility of using numerical methods was determined, the stress-strain state of the plate was analysed, and the locations of anomalies of dislocations of craton rocks were determined to identify potential oil and gas bearing fields.

Keywords: craton, mathematical modeling, stress-strain state, geophysics, geotectonics, stretching, igneous province, material models, Hardening Soil model, finite element method, mineral dislocation

• ## Permafrost: geocryological hazards and regional degradation of frozen soils

Today, the problem of global climate change and the associated degradation of permafrost is a priority area of ​ ​ research. In the regions of the Far North, a change in temperature by half a degree contributes to the emergence of geocryological dangers: the appearance of ravines, thermokarst subsidence, heaving, the formation of residential ice and, as a result, the destruction of houses and infrastructure. In Russia, the permafrost zone occupies about 63-65% of its territory and extends for thousands of kilometers. Various engineering and geological impacts, including man-made ones, represent a serious geocryological hazard and can lead to degradation of frozen soils in various regions. Due to the rapid thawing of ice and climate change, collapses and voids form on frozen soils. Also, when thawing permafrost, a large amount of groundwater is formed and there is a risk of salinization of nearby water and coastal zones. This can lead to the loss of resources that are necessary for the life of the local population, as well as for the economy of the region. Despite the fact that there are numerous programs and studies on this topic, a huge amount of work has not yet been carried out in Russia to eliminate geocryological threats.

Keywords: Geocryology, permafrost, ground, frozen soil degradation, thawing, monitoring, Yakutia, cryolithozone, geocryological hazard

• ## Numerical experiments to investigate the relationship between Poisson's ratio and cohesion

This study is a pilot one. The purpose of the study is to identify the nature of the relationship between Poisson's ratio and cohesion, on the example of a soil mass. The main objective of the study is to identify the dependence of Poisson's ratio and cohesion coefficient to obtain the fracture limit of the material (in this study of soil massif) - plastic flows in the material. The study is conducted by methods of mathematical modeling. In order to achieve the objective, it is necessary to justify the possibility of performing this experiment by means of boundary value problem, and to perform the ranking of the number of numerical experiments by experiment planning method to obtain the extrema. Next, it is necessary to perform the numerical experiment itself to reveal the relationship between Poisson's ratio and cohesion. The obtained data will be used to compose the inverse problem when testing a new Russian software product in the field of geotechnical and geomechanical modeling.

Keywords: Poisson's ratio, cohesion, soil massif, numerical experiment, finite element method, mathematical modelling, plastic flow, deformation, stress

• ## Modeling the construction of an underwater underpass tunnel

The article is devoted to mathematical modeling of construction of underwater tunnels intended for subway. This type of tunnels can also be used as railway and road tunnels. The most interesting are underwater tunnels-bridges and floating tunnels, but the most perspective and most frequent are tunnels located at the bottom of water barrier.

Keywords: underwater tunnel, subway, finite element method, leave section method, mathematical modeling, construction technology stages, transport tunnel, stress-strain state

• ## Program of life cycle formation during redevelopment of industrial objects

The life cycle of a capital construction facility is an economically feasible program for the design, construction, operation and abandonment of a building or structure. This article reveals the role of the life cycle project in the redevelopment of industrial facilities, such as above-ground plants and factories within the city and mining facilities. The article provides a methodology for drawing up a life cycle program for redevelopment of industrial (above-ground and underground) objects, a mine field.

Keywords: life cycle, redevelopment program, underground facilities, modeling, information construction, industrial facility, mine workings, mining facility

• ## Selection of the optimal type of chamber support in the rock salt massif at the Sol-Iletsk mine

As part of Sol-Iletsky Mine No. 2, it is planned to erect and set up a health resort center for the treatment of respiratory diseases. This health center will provide medical services in the therapeutic salt chambers on the first horizon (123 meters underground). For this purpose, it is necessary to use the waste horizons of rock salt (chamber workings). For the construction of the health-improving complex for safety reasons in part of underground workings, it is required to arrange a fortification. This article deals with mathematical modeling and selection of the optimal type of support for chamber workings.

Keywords: mathematical modeling, stress-strain state, SSS, rock salt, roof support, chamber workings, finite element method, FEM, redevelopment

• ## Redevelopment of industrial areas according to Fitwel's eco-standard

The increase in the population of large cities leads to the need for residential buildings, office space, leisure facilities, etc. leads to an increase in new construction. The city cannot constantly develop in terms of space as it is limited by the territory allocated to it in the framework of the cadastral division of the territory and it cannot grow indefinitely in breadth. That is why there are various programs for urban development, such as renovation, redevelopment of industrial areas and reconstruction of existing buildings. Also in recent years it has become popular to use different environmental standards in the design and construction of new or reconstructed buildings. This article will focus on the redevelopment of industrial areas with the development of underground space from the perspective of Fitwel ecological standard.

Keywords: Fitwel, green standard, redevelopment, industrial areas, renovation, industrial buildings, industrial facilities, new construction, development of underground space, integrated development of the territory

• ## Reconstruction of the anti-landslide protection of the Oryol boarding house

The article discusses the geological aspects of the existing and designed anti-landslide protection system of the central part of the Karasan landslide on the Crimean peninsula, where the reconstructed Oryol boarding house is located.

Keywords: landslide, anti-landslide protection system, pile protection wall, retaining wall, Crimea, reconstruction, bored piles

• ## Methodology for the application of one- and two-dimensional elements in the mathematical modeling of the subway tunnel lining

In connection with the development of computational complexes of the finite element method, sometimes there is a problem of choosing methods and techniques for numerical experiments with the lining of interlinear subway tunnels. The aim of this article is to consider the possibility of using one-dimensional and two-dimensional elements in modeling the lining of an underpass tunnel and the necessity of using contact elements in modeling the lining. In order to fulfill this task, two computational schemes with the lining modeled by one-dimensional elements and by two-dimensional elements have been created using the example of the existing Moscow Metro tunnel.

Keywords: finite element method, one-dimensional elements, two-dimensional elements, contact element, contact problems, tunnel, metro, mathematical modeling, stress-strain state

• ## Modeling the application of a geotechnical screen to minimize the impact of new construction on a subway station

The relevance of this study lies in the fact that the mutual influence of existing transport facilities and the newly erected underground part will be taken into account and the ways to minimize the geomechanical impact on each other will be determined. The subject of the study is the stress-strain state of the system ""structure - massif - structure"". The purpose of the study is to minimize the mutual influence of the subway, the railroad and the underground part of the designed building.

Keywords: geotechnical screen, mathematical modeling, FEM, underground structure, mutual influence, stress-strain state, subway station, minimization of influence

• ## Redevelopment of industrial territories according to BREEAM standard

In the past few years, such objects have begun to be taken outside the city limits and rebuilt in new, undeveloped territories. And on the vacated territory, a new development begins with the intensive development of underground space. The strategic innovative approach to the implementation of projects for the development of the modern city released by the industrial territory is an urgent answer to the question of a completely new understanding of the comfortable environment, in which everything is involved: zoning of the development territory, laying new roads (city streets), underground structures and communications, transport accessibility, environmental friendliness of construction. Without understanding that the problem of forming a living space is complex, in the end, comfortable conditions of human existence will not be obtained. Various modern green building standards are based on this.

Keywords: redevelopment, green standard, BREEAM, industrial territories, industrial facilities, reconstruction, renovation, complex development of the territory, certificate

• ## Design of the support table of the T-section of the distributive chord of the wall in the ground

It is not always possible to use anchoring structures for securing vertical walls of excavations. Most often spacer structures made of pipes have to be used. A special distribution belt consisting of I-beams is required to redistribute the spreading forces from struts and the ground. This article presents the results of a study of structural options and the design of a support table for the spacing structures of walls in the ground (vertical walls of excavation sidewalls).

Keywords: Distribution belt, I-beam, support structure, table, excavation, spacer structures, T-bar, wall in the ground

• ## Geological peculiarities of subway overpasses construction in Thu Thuem district, Ho Chi Minh

This article examines the range of issues related to the construction of the subway in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, using the example of the newly built Thu Thuem area as an example. The problem of construction lies in the difficult mining and geological conditions of Ho Chi Minh City. The geological structure has terrigenous-mineralogical associations, which makes the underground tunneling of the subway lines very difficult. Therefore it was decided to build the subway on trestles, but the calculation of foundations on terrigenous-mineralogical associations requires a detailed geological study.

Keywords: subway, terrigenous-mineralogical associations, overpasses, geological structure, Ho Chi Minh City, geological structure, Thu Tiem district

• ## Election of a safe depth of the reinforced concrete case for trenchless laying of the collector

The paper presents the results of a study aimed at selecting a safe depth of an underground collector. In the scientific and normative literature there are no specific recommendations for the depth of tunneling through the existing highways. There are only recommendations for tunneling through railway embankments. Purpose of this study: scientifically substantiated recommendations for the use of reinforced concrete pipes as collector cases. The decision of problems for achievement of the objective will be carried out by means of numerical experiment - a method of finite elements.

Keywords: reinforced concrete case, underground collector, safe depth, mathematical modeling, case structures, highway, closed method of work, trenchless laying, finite element method, subsidence trough